A language is a structured system of communication. The structure of a language is its grammar and the free components are its vocabulary. Languages are the primary means of communication of humans, and can be conveyed through speech, sign, or writing. Many languages, including the most widely-spoken ones, have writing systems that enable sounds or signs to be recorded for later reactivation. Human language is not dependent on a single mode of transmission (sight, sound, etc.) and is highly variable between cultures and across time.Human languages have the properties of productivity and displacement, and rely on social convention and learning.
Estimates of the number of human languages in the world vary between 5,000 and 7,000. Precise estimates depend on an arbitrary distinction (dichotomy) being established between languages and dialects. Natural languages are spoken, signed, or both; however, any language can be encoded into secondary media using auditory, visual, or tactile stimuli – for example, writing, whistling, signing, or braille. In other words, human language is modality-independent, but written or signed language is the way to inscribe or encode the natural human speech or gestures.
Depending on philosophical perspectives regarding the definition of language and meaning, when used as a general concept, "language" may refer to the cognitive ability to learn and use systems of complex communication, or to describe the set of rules that makes up these systems, or the set of utterances that can be produced from those rules. All languages rely on the process of semiosis to relate signs to particular meanings. Oral, manual and tactile languages contain a phonological system that governs how symbols are used to form sequences known as words or morphemes, and a syntactic system that governs how words and morphemes are combined to form phrases and utterances.
The scientific study of language is called linguistics. Critical examinations of languages, such as philosophy of language, the relationships between language and thought, etc., such as how words represent experience, have been debated at least since Gorgias and Plato in ancient Greek civilization. Thinkers such as Rousseau (1712–1778) have debated that language originated from emotions, while others like Kant (1724–1804), have held that languages originated from rational and logical thought. Twentieth century philosophers such as Wittgenstein (1889–1951) argued that philosophy is really the study of language itself. Major figures in contemporary linguistics of these times include Ferdinand de Saussure and Noam Chomsky.
Language is thought to have gradually diverged from earlier primate communication systems when early hominins acquired the ability to form a theory of mind and shared intentionality. This development is sometimes thought to have coincided with an increase in brain volume, and many linguists see the structures of language as having evolved to serve specific communicative and social functions. Language is processed in many different locations in the human brain, but especially in Broca's and Wernicke's areas. Humans acquire language through social interaction in early childhood, and children generally speak fluently by approximately three years old. Language and culture are codependent. Therefore, in addition to its strictly communicative uses, language has social uses such as signifying group identity, social stratification, as well as use for social grooming and entertainment.
Languages evolve and diversify over time, and the history of their evolution can be reconstructed by comparing modern languages to determine which traits their ancestral languages must have had in order for the later developmental stages to occur. A group of languages that descend from a common ancestor is known as a language family; in contrast, a language that has been demonstrated to not have any living or non-living relationship with another language is called a language isolate. There are also many unclassified languages whose relationships have not been established, and spurious languages may have not existed at all. Academic consensus holds that between 50% and 90% of languages spoken at the beginning of the 21st century will probably have become extinct by the year 2100.

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  1. A

    Pahelp po any language will do

  2. V

    Help Any tips sa pag-aaral ng other language?

    Alam ko po lahat naman walang madaling paraan bago matutunan. Baka lang po meron dito natuto ng ibang language sa sariling sikap. example Spanish, Japanese o Korean. Pero balak ko talaga mag aral ng spanish kase. Baka meron kayong step by step na paraan pano nyo naaral, natandaan at nakabisa ang...
  3. M

    C language

    Hello po pahelp naman po, medyo nalilito pa rin kasi ako sa syntax ng c language. Need na lang palabasin output, hindi ko alam paano ko sya palalabasin/anong kulang dito sa code
  4. K

    Ano ang pinaka on demand na language?

    Newbie programmer, ano ba maganda aralin na language yung mabilis mag ka trabaho.
  5. I

    Help Guys ano magandang pag aralan na language for beginner lang

    Anong unang programming language na pwede aralin beginner Kasi hehe
  6. H

    Mobile Development Programming Language

    Sa mga mobile developers diyan, ano gamit niyong language or framework? Share niyo naman experience niyo. Thank you! PS. Kaway kaway sa kapwa ko react native developer na mag-uupgrade ng version tapos maraming package na ginagamit:ROFLMAO::cry:
  7. D

    Help Indonesia language

    penge lods kung meron kayong resources, salamat in advance
  8. D

    Help Ano po use nito C# Language

    Para saan po yung (object) kada matatapos sa writeline? salamat po
  9. P

    Trivia 10 Beautiful Words in the English Language For Human Emotions We Never Knew Had Names

    Here are 10 beautiful nouns in the English language for our many complicated human emotions. 1.Chrysalism Pronounced kris-a-lizim. The feeling of tranquility when you’re indoors when it’s raining heavily outside. 2. Lilo Pronounced ly-lo. The friendship between two people who feel as if...
  10. F

    Tutorial Learn Python programming the fun 8-bit way

    Hidden content
  11. T

    Tutorial Learn ASL Free. - ASL Sign Language Dictionary

    a valuable and important language. Learn ASL . [/CODE]
  12. A

    Help German A1 Cetificate

    Mga master saan po pweding makakuha nang A1 certificate sa German language?
  13. B

    Tutorial Udemy Language naman tayo

    Simple thanks sa natulungan ;) LEARN FRENCH very easily as a child (Chapiter I) Grammar for IELTS Speak Canadian English with Trish - Home...
  14. T

    Language descriptions

    When you think of programming, you might think that there is only one language to use, or that one is the best. The truth is that there is no language that does better than all other languages - if that were the case, then people would only use that language and none other. There are languages...
  15. R

    Can we use english as language of special pinned posts??

    This portal is awesome as it hosts some tricks that works globaly! thanks to the administration. But Since i've joined here language is an issue that i've found difficult. So I request to the authority to post or translate posts for someone like us as this portal has global attention now! And...
  16. L

    Trivia Bad words in sign language

    Spot nyo to mga repa :) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------:):)hit!
  17. J

    Basic thai language

    Hello = Sawatdii How are you? = Sabaaidii mai? I’m fine = Sabaaidii I’m not well = Mai sabaii I come from (America) = Pom/Chan maa jaak (ameerigaa) What country are you from? = Kun maa jaak bprateet arai? Thank you = Khop kun Sorry = Khot hort No problem = Mai bpenrai Goodbye = Bai Can you speak...
  18. R

    Closed Pls need help..!! ionic langguage

    sir/maam manghihingi po sana ako nang tulong sa inyo.. may ginagwa po kase kaming project for our capstone.. ang pinapagawa po muna samin nang aming instructor gawin yung uber clone using ionic.. so nag download po kaming video at yun yung sinusundan namin.. kaso po unang code palang error na...
  19. A

    Help Sino nakakaalam kai assembly language??

    patulong po sa mga may alam kay assembly languages..
  20. F

    Closed Assembly language?? part po ba sa threads dito?

    May nakakaalam po ba ng Assembly language? saka itatanong ko lang po ung mga tips na pwede sundin bago lumusong sa language na to :D salamat po!!
  21. H

    Closed Coding!

    pahingi po nag nice sites para pang programming tut , any language
  22. H

    Closed Anong lingwahe po eto?

    pede paki translate na din kung sino man ang may alam :) "malangsanit sa payo"
  23. F

    Closed anong In na Programming Language ngayon?

    Im thinking kung ano ba ang maganda at In na programming language ngayon? sa job ano ba mas needed ng costumer? gusto ko sana mapag-aralan kung meron kayo mai suggest, pa post naman po.. thanks.
  24. E

    Tutorial Language

    assignment lang po guys Pahelp nman po " what is your oppinion about language ?" Pasagot po, Kylangan po kasi opinion ng iba ee Thanks po Assignment lng