The Chinese people or simply Chinese, are people or ethnic groups identified with China, usually through ethnicity, nationality, citizenship, or other affiliation.Chinese people are either known as Zhongguoren (中国人; 中國人) or as Huaren (simplified Chinese: 华人; traditional Chinese: 華人) or Hua people by Chinese language speakers, including among Chinese speakers living in Greater China as well as overseas Chinese. Although both terms are synonyms (referring to Chinese people), their usage depends on the person and context. The former term is commonly used to refer to the citizens of the People's Republic of China - especially mainland China - or ethnic Chinese living in China, although it can be used to refer to ethnic Chinese, regardless of citizenship or place of residency, as it was used historically. The term Huaren is used to refer to ethnic Chinese, and is more often used for those who reside overseas or are non-citizens, and is less commonly used to refer to citizens of the Chinese state.
The Han Chinese are the largest ethnic group in China, comprising approximately 92% of its Mainland population. They comprise approximately 95% of the population of Taiwan, 92% in Hong Kong, and 89% in Macau. They are also the world's largest ethnic group, comprising approximately 18% of the global human population.Outside China, the terms "Han Chinese" and "Chinese" are often conflated since those identifying or registered as Han Chinese are the dominant ethnic group in China. There are 55 officially-recognized ethnic minorities in China who may also identify as "Chinese".
People from Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), may also be referred to as "Chinese" in various contexts, though they are usually referred to as "Taiwanese". The territory of Taiwan is disputed and the ROC has limited recognition of its sovereignty.
The term "Overseas Chinese" is used to refer to the extensive Chinese diaspora and/or its ethnic Chinese descendants.
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