Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food. Simple sugars, also called monosaccharides, include glucose, fructose, and galactose. Compound sugars, also called disaccharides or double sugars, are molecules made of two bonded monosaccharides; common examples are sucrose (glucose + fructose), lactose (glucose + galactose), and maltose (two molecules of glucose). White sugar is a refined form of sucrose. In the body, compound sugars are hydrolysed into simple sugars.
Longer chains of monosaccharides (>2) are not regarded as sugars, and are called oligosaccharides or polysaccharides. Starch is a glucose polymer found in plants, and is the most abundant source of energy in human food. Some other chemical substances, such as glycerol and sugar *******s, may have a sweet taste, but are not classified as sugar.
Sugars are found in the tissues of most plants. Honey and fruit are abundant natural sources of simple sugars. Sucrose is especially concentrated in sugarcane and sugar beet, making them ideal for efficient commercial extraction to make refined sugar. In 2016, the combined world production of those two crops was about two billion tonnes. Maltose may be produced by malting grain. Lactose is the only sugar that cannot be extracted from plants. It can only be found in milk, including human ****** milk, and in some dairy products. A cheap source of sugar is corn syrup, industrially produced by converting corn starch into sugars, such as maltose, fructose and glucose.

Sucrose is used in prepared foods (e.g. cøøkíés and cakes), is sometimes added to commercially available processed food and beverages, and may be used by people as a sweetener for foods (e.g. toast and cereal) and beverages (e.g. coffee and tea). The average person consumes about 24 kilograms (53 pounds) of sugar each year, with North and South Americans consuming up to 50 kg (110 lb) and Africans consuming under 20 kg (44 lb).As sugar consumption grew in the latter part of the 20th century, researchers began to examine whether a diet high in sugar, especially refined sugar, was damaging to human health. Excessive consumption of sugar has been implicated in the onset of obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and tooth decay. Numerous studies have tried to clarify those implications, but with varying results, mainly because of the difficulty of finding populations for use as controls that consume little or no sugar. In 2015, the World Health Organization recommended that adults and children reduce their intake of free sugars to less than 10%, and encouraged a reduction to below 5%, of their total energy intake.

You do not have permission to view the full content of this post. Log in or register now.
  1. B

    Sugar daddy ??

    Kung Sugar daddy tawag kapag mayaman eh ano naman tawag kapag mahirap?
  2. M

    Direct Link Sugar Apple Fairy Tale Part 2 COMPLETE

    Information Type: TV Episodes: 12 Status: Finished Airing Aired: Jul 7, 2023 to Sep 22, 2023 Premiered: Summer 2023 Broadcast: Fridays at 21:30 (JST) Producers: AT-X, flying DOG, Crunchyroll, Kadokawa, BS Asahi Licensors: None found, add some Studios: J.C.Staff Source: Light novel Genres...
  3. K

    G·TM Closed

  4. R

    Ma, May Sugar Daddy Na Ako!

    🖼️ Ctto.
  5. 8

    Help Blood sugar

    Is 98 a normal blood sugar level?
  6. B

    Trivia What Happens to Your Body If You Stop Eating Sugar, According to Nutritionists

    MOST OF US ARE EATING FAR TOO MANY SWEET TREATS, THEY SAY Many of the foods we eat every day are filled with added sugar. In fact, the American Heart Association reports that the average American eats 77 grams of sugar per day—far more than recommended. This common dietary habit has been linked...
  7. N

    *****ers are worse for your teeth than sugar.

    Acid is the biggest cause of tooth decay, not sugar! *****ers tend to stick to your teeth which ends up being a breeding ground for bacteria.
  8. S

    Without sugar

  9. P

    Ai-Ai delas Alas, Sugar Mercado, Direk Louie Ignacio kabilang sa mga nalungkot sa koronasyon ni King Charles III

    Tinutukan ng buong mundo ang marangya at parang mga eksena sa pelikula na koronasyon ni King Charles III na ginanap kahapon, May 6, 2023, sa Westminster Abbey, London, England. Si King Charles (born Charles Philip Arthur George) ang humalili sa kanyang ina na si Queen Elizabeth II na...
  10. L

    Nilagyan ko sugar ko Ng katas Ng sili labuyo.

    Mga lods naranasan nyo din ba masaktan? Sa malamang oo haha kakaiba Kasi itong trip ko nasugatan Ako kanina Ng kuntsilyo sa kamay tapos bigla ko na alala noong Bata Ako eh trip ko talaga Ng pinipiga Yung sugat ko at kung ano Anong nilalagay para mag cause pa Ng sobrang sakit tulad ng suka...
  11. I

    Sugar Free

    Apo: Lolo Ano bang hinahanap mo diyan sa lalagyan ng 3-in-1 coffee? Kanina pa po kasi kayo silip nang silip diyan. Lolo:Matabang kasi apo. Hinahanap ko yung libreng asukal. Sabi kasi sa karton may SUGAR FREE. Apo☕ Cheers!😁
  12. P

    Trivia Marcos asserts sugar importation mess was only a 'procedural mistake'

    babyM will absolve (cleanse from all sin) the sinners of this incident. Ganoon lang ba lahat, mapa walang sala lang sila after all that mess? Procedural mistake lang nga ba lahat iyon? Wala bang halong intentions? Article: Marcos asserts sugar importation mess was only a 'procedural mistake'
  13. W


    so ayun nga, nabored ako bigla kaya naglagay ako ng konting asukal sa lamesa. may lumapit na langgam tapos umalis, magtatawag siguro ng mga kasama nya. nung nakaalis na, tinanggal ko na yung asukal para magmukha sya sinungalin sa mga kasama nya.
  14. Y

    Closed Cinnamon Sugar Cheesecake Bars

    View: Here’s what you will need: Yields: 12 bars 2 tubes crescent dough 16 oz cream cheese 1 egg 1 cup sugar, divided 1 tsp vanilla 2 Tbsp. cinnamon Directions: Preheat oven to 350°F/180°C. In a bowl, beat cream cheese until smooth. Then, add 1/2 cup sugar...
  15. Y

    Closed Easy Rainbow Recipes

    7 Insanely Easy Rainbow Recipes That Will Make Life Even Sweeter 1. Rainbow Chocolate Bark INGREDIENTS: Baking tray Baking paper Microwave-safe bowls 600g white chocolate Food dye, in rainbow colours Sprinkles, to decorate DIRECTIONS: Line a baking tray with baking paper. Divide white...