Trade involves the transfer of goods and services from one person or entity to another, often in exchange for money. Economists refer to a system or network that allows trade as a market.
An early form of trade, barter, saw the direct exchange of goods and services for other goods and services, i.e. trading things without the use of money. Modern traders generally negotiate through a medium of exchange, such as money. As a result, buying can be separated from selling, or earning. The invention of money (and letter of credit, paper money, and non-physical money) greatly simplified and promoted trade. Trade between two traders is called bilateral trade, while trade involving more than two traders is called multilateral trade.
In one modern view, trade exists due to specialization and the division of labor, a predominant form of economic activity in which individuals and groups concentrate on a small aspect of production, but use their output in trades for other products and needs. Trade exists between regions because different regions may have a comparative advantage (perceived or real) in the production of some trade-able commodity—including production of natural resources scarce or limited elsewhere. For example: different regions' sizes may encourage mass production. In such circumstances, trade at market prices between locations can benefit both locations. Different types of traders may specialize in trading different kinds of goods; for example, the spice trade and grain trade have both historically been important in the development of a global, international economy.
Retail trade consists of the sale of goods or merchandise from a very fixed location (such as a department store, boutique or kiosk), online or by mail, in small or individual lots for direct consumption or use by the purchaser. Wholesale trade is traffic in goods that are sold as merchandise to retailers, or to industrial, commercial, institutional, or other professional business users, or to other wholesalers and related subordinated services.
Historically, openness to free trade substantially increased in some areas from 1815 to the outbreak of World War I in 1914. Trade openness increased again during the 1920s but collapsed (in particular in Europe and North America) during the Great Depression of the 1930s. Trade openness increased substantially again from the 1950s onwards (albeit with a slowdown during the oil crisis of the 1970s). Economists and economic historians contend that current levels of trade openness are the highest they have ever been.

You do not have permission to view the full content of this post. Log in or register now.
  1. A

    For Trade Pa trade ng 150 tm load to gcash

    Pa trade po ng 150 tm load to gcash salamat
  2. S

    For Trade Gcash $32 trade to Paypal $31

    Gcash $32/1,809.71 pesos pa trade sa Paypal $31/1,753.16 pesos need funds lang sa paypal
  3. M

    For Trade PayPal 164 pesos trade gcash 150 pesos

    May laman PayPal ko 164pesos bilhin nyu Ng 150 sa gcash
  4. A

    For Trade Badly need Trade TNT TO GLOBE LOAD

    pa trade naman ng 30 tnt load to globe badly need lang
  5. F

    Looking For Trade my 250 tnt load for 220 gcash load

  6. B

    DITO Pa trade load dito sim to gcash

    load 100 Pa trade to gcash
  7. Y

    Globe TM Trade my load globe to Gcash

    trade my 60 globe to your 60 gcash
  8. B

    Globe TM Pa trade po globe load to gcash

    Pa trade po globe load to gcash
  9. Q

    For Trade Pa trade 160 paypal

    pa trade ung .. mababa lang fee
  10. J

    Help Expresss vpn or surfshark na my auto renew trade sa auto renew din po na Nétflí×

    Cnu po sainyo will mgtrade need ko lng po ng E×préšš VPN o surf shark trade ko sa Nétflí× po dm me po I hide po skin slamt
  11. J

    Globe TM 550 globe load trade sa 500 gcash

    550 load trade sa 500 gcash
  12. P


    for sale 55 MLBB diamonds 4 pcs. 25 each * code lang po ito, hindi topup/recharge
  13. R

    Smart TNT Sun Trade 200 gigapoints

    Trade my 200 gigapoints to load or gcash
  14. S

    For Trade 300 tnt pasaload trade to 250gcash

    Baka po meron pa ngbebenta ng 300 load jan sa tnt. Get ko na po 250gcash
  15. A

    For Trade Globe load 300 trade to your tnt 200 load .

    300 globe load ko trade sa 200 tnt load nyo .
  16. J

    Help PayPal to GCash trade

    My PayPal to your GCash 200php. Anyone? Thank you.
  17. L

    DITO Trade Globe Load to Dito Load

    Pa swap mga lods 100 Globe Load to 100 Dito Load Ty More power hahahah
  18. A

    For Trade Pa trade lods paypal

    help lods need ko sa school expences namin.
  19. C

    Hello po Genshin account trade

    Hello po lf hutao starter account or abandoned hutao account for my ml or genshin or both if high qual account
  20. P

    Closed Trade my Paypal to your Gcash

    Trade my Paypal Balance to your Gcash. I have 430 paypal balance .
  21. S

    For Trade For Trade - paypal to gcash

    1. Make sure the PayPal amount has been converted to PHP. Convert PayPal USD to PHP 2. Send it to my email, Sending option "Send for friends and family". 3. Drop your GCash information in the PayPal notes. Ex. MARK 09123456789 4. Leave feedback on my thread. Thank you.
  22. T

    Help Express keys for pc trade to Nétflí×

    mga paps baka meron , ung nd connection limit reach sana hehe
  23. S

    For Trade Pa trade my 300 Smart/TNT load to gcash 250

    Pa trade my 300 Smart/TNT load to gcash 250
  24. E

    Closed For sale 600 TNT load to 550 Gcash for trade

    sale 600 TNT load to 550 Gcash for trade
  25. E

    For Trade 600 TNT load to 550 Gcash for trade

    600 TNT load to 550 Gcash for trade
  26. W

    For Trade For Trade 40 load to gcash

    for trade 40 TM load 30 gcash.
  27. P

    Closed Trade My Gcash to your Paypal Fund!

    I have 500 Gcash. Trade to your Paypal fund. Comment down lang po kung sinong interested. Thanks My paypal:
  28. Z

    Smart TNT Sun Trade my 270 Globe load to your 250 Smart load

    Trade my 270 Globe load to your 250 Smart load
  29. P

    Nétflí× Account for Trade!

    Offer po kayu anu mga pwde nyu ma trade sa account ko, kaka renew kulang kanina
  30. B

    Help Free Nintendo switch pokemon trade (Arceus, sword/shield) trade any pokemon with your request.

    Pm nyo lang ako dito madalas open ako ng umaga request kayo sakin any pokemon (Nintendo switch only via link trade) Paano magrequest : - request ka muna pokemon (pokemon? / shiny? / held item? / level? / gigantamax) example: Charizard / yes / potion / 100 / yes makukuha nyo din within the...
  31. P

    DITO Trade my 75 gcash to your 100 dito load

    Baka may willing makipagtrade jan. Need ko ngayon
  32. J

    For Trade Paypal ko to gcash mo boss

    410 paypal KO for trade Gcash
  33. C

    Looking For PAYPAL FUNDS 5% DC

    Paki send nalang po dito Make sure po na send as family/friends Old thread Looking For - Buying Paypal Funds
  34. P

    Looking For Buying 300 globe load for 230 gcash

    Pabili po ng regular 300 mga lods, may need lang bilhin in game hehe :) For proof of legitimacy stalk niyo na lang po ibang threads ko, nagbenta na ko before hehe
  35. Z

    Looking For Gcash Mo, Sa Load ko Tnt/Smart

    Buying ako Mga Boss Or Trade sa iba Yung mura sana at Reasonable price
  36. C

    For Trade 280 Paypal to your Gcash

    280 Paypal to your 265 Gcash
  37. U

    For trade 276 paypal balance to gcash need asap

    Meron po akong nreceive n $5 balance s paypal baka po pd maitrade to gcash? 276php po xa
  38. P

    Looking For Your Conquer pøkêr 20M silver coin to 35 Gcash

    Need lang panglaro pm nalang😊
  39. P

    Closed SOLD

    SOLD Paki delete admin
  40. A

    For Trade Looking for Paypal Fund to My Gcash

    1:1 ratio, Drop comment if meron kayo.
  41. K

    For Trade Paypal to gcash po

    Good day po mga boss, pa trade sana ng paypal ko sir 400 sa gcash need po tlga for emergency.. tia send proof din po ty
  42. H

    For Trade My 100 Smart load to your 70 GCash

    100 Smart load to your 70 GCash.
  43. E

    Closed My 150 Globe load to 120 Gcash

    Pa trade po My 150 Globe load to 120 Gcash.
  44. E

    Closed My 100 globe load to 80 gcash

    Pa trade po my 100 globe load to 80 gcash
  45. S


    For Sale: 60 Regular Load (TNT/SMART) to 50 Gcash
  46. G

    For Sale 400 DITO LOAD

    FS LOAD 20DC
  47. E

    Closed Trade my 150 globe load to 112 gcash

    Pa trade po my 150 globe load to 112 gcash
  48. P

    For Trade Smart load to GCASH less 20%

    Mga boss pa trade 90 smart load to your 70 GCASH
  49. E

    Globe TM Trade My 150 globe load to 112 gcash

    Trade My 150 globe load to 112 gcash po
  50. P

    Closed $5 Paypal to Gcash: Pa-trade, 5% dc lang sana

    Pa trade po ng $5 ko sa paypal, di ko pa nacconvert e hehe 5% dc lang po, ty :) Stalk niyo na lang threads ko hehe kung need proof for legitimacy