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COBOL (; an acronym for "common business-oriented language") is a compiled English-like computer programming language designed for business use. It is an imperative, procedural and, since 2002, object-oriented language. COBOL is primarily used in business, finance, and administrative systems for companies and governments. COBOL is still widely used in applications deployed on mainframe computers, such as large-scale batch and transaction processing jobs. However, due to its declining popularity and the retirement of experienced COBOL programmers, programs are being migrated to new platforms, rewritten in modern languages or replaced with software packages. Most programming in COBOL is now purely to maintain existing applications; however, many large financial institutions were still developing new systems in COBOL as late as 2006.COBOL was designed in 1959 by CODASYL and was partly based on the programming language FLOW-MATIC designed by Grace Hopper. It was created as part of a US Department of Defense effort to create a portable programming language for data processing. It was originally seen as a stopgap, but the Department of Defense promptly forced computer manufacturers to provide it, resulting in its widespread adoption. It was standardized in 1968 and has since been revised four times. Expansions include support for structured and object-oriented programming. The current standard is ISO/IEC 1989:2014.COBOL statements have an English-like syntax, which was designed to be self-documenting and highly readable. However, it is verbose and uses over 300 reserved words. In contrast with modern, succinct syntax like y = x;, COBOL has a more English-like syntax (in this case, MOVE x TO y).
COBOL code is split into four divisions (identification, environment, data, and procedure) containing a rigid hierarchy of sections, paragraphs and sentences. Lacking a large standard library, the standard specifies 43 statements, 87 functions and just one class.
Academic computer scientists were generally uninterested in business applications when COBOL was created and were not involved in its design; it was (effectively) designed from the ground up as a computer language for business, with an emphasis on inputs and outputs, whose only data types were numbers and strings of text.
COBOL has been criticized throughout its life for its verbosity, design process, and poor support for structured programming. These weaknesses result in monolithic, verbose (intended to be English-like) programs that are not easily comprehensible.
For years, COBOL has been assumed as a programming language for business operations in mainframes, although in recent years an increasing interest has surged on migrating COBOL operations to cloud computing.

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  1. L

    Help Nadelete ko yung mga picture sa cp ko...

    baka merong app dyan na alam ninyo na makakatulong sa pagpapabalik ng pictures sa android phone ko
  2. V

    Vivo Y22s camera picture failed or camera stoped on the latest update.

    Dahil ba to sa upadate guys?
  3. L

    Paedit ng picture

    Balita ko magaling dw kayo mag'edit dito. Pasample nga? Pang birthday lng. Open for troll.
  4. B

    [HELP] 1x1 / 2x2 picture template

    Hello po mga lods, baka meron kayong template dyan ng mga corporate attires pang 1X1 or 2X2 picture. Men and Women po sana. Salamat!
  5. Z

    A Picture You Can Hear.

    Happy Chicken Nuggets Day Pala Mga Anak Ni Melai🤣
  6. E

    Trivia 20+ years of scientific progress in one picture

    The "pillars of creation" were taken by the Hubble (left) and Webb (right) telescopes. 😮 Science doesn't just enable modern life through its application as technology, it can change how we observe the problem. 🤔
  7. T

    Help Picture Editor

    baka po may masu-suggest kayong may free online link resizing 2x2 picture
  8. S

    Help Picture turn to anime

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  9. U

    Help How to change profile picture??

    Pano po palitan profile picture ko d2?
  10. L

    Help Photo viewer can't open this picture because either photo viewer doesn't support this file format, or don't have the latest updates to Photo Viewer

    Windows photo viewer can't open this picture because either photo viewer doesn't support this file format, or you don't have the latest updates to Photo Viewer. SANA MAY NAKAKA ALAM KUNG PAANO ITO MA FIX?
  11. J

    Help Picture Editor

    Hello po baka naman may marecommend kayong Picture Editor pang enhance lang ng pictures sana ni Baby ko nag DIY lang kasi kami sa photoshoot niya ng birthday niya, Thanks!
  12. M

    Imahe ng isang pusa

  13. U

    To GUYS POV: Picture/video bat niyo ginagawa

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    Help How to put profile picture in my account? help

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    Help ID Picture Maker app for PC

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  16. easy life.

    easy life.

    Ctto
  17. N

    Help Bat baliktad na nman tong picture ko? 😂

    Pag uupload ako ng pic. Bumabaliktad haha
  18. L

    Help my display pic

    mga paps bkt bumaliktad ung dp ko dto sa phcorner
  19. C

    Tutorial GIF profile pic

    Ask ko lang po mga ka phc kung pano magpalit ng GIF na profile pic dito po. Salamat.
  20. M

    Pano po maglagay picture?

    gusto ko din po sana maglagay picture ko dito.paano po ba?
  21. D

    Look at this picture

    Source : FB Share your thoughts.
  22. A

    Help Upload picture on phc

    Pano po mag upload dito ng Picture?
  23. L

    Help Accidentally deleted photos

    Ask Lang mga ka PHC ! May way pa ba para marecover yun nadelete na photos sa gallery ?
  24. L

    Trivia Emoji fact

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  25. W

    Fun fact #1025

    magandang gabi mga ka phc
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    Tutorial Fb lite trick (all networks)

    Hindi ko po alam at hindi ako sigurado kung meron nang FB Lite trick dito Wala po akong intesyong magpasikat gusto ko lang pong makatulong. Update: 11 Jan 2018 Working sa Smart/Tnt/Sun/TM Di ko pa na testing sa Globe Try nyo na lang FB Lite Trick 1. DL fb lite sa free.facebok.com (Wag yung sa...
  27. F

    Avatar

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  28. P

    Help Mga boss

    Paano to boss error yung pic ko na sa thread ano po yong tamang pag insert ng pic Salamat po
  29. E

    Help Pa tulong sa mga master diyan!

    Good Day! mga sir.. meron ba kayung alam na Website or apps na ma convert ang low resolution pic to high resolution or HD picture.. Salamat mga Sir!
  30. P

    Paano po.

    panu po mag palit ng display image? nkapag stab din. salamat po.
  31. M

    Help Uploading image

    Ano pong application gamit nyo para makapag upload ng picture dito.?. Kase kapag pinindot yung "upload a file" ang lumabas "walang apps na makapagsasagawa nito". Salamat po hehehe
  32. P

    Help Instert picture

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  33. M

    Closed Wallpaper

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  34. K

    Closed Change picture

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  35. G

    Closed About picture dito

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  36. N

    Closed Paano po magpalit ng profile or display picture?

    Guys, paabala lang po ng kaunti. Nakakainggit po kasi 'yung ibang Member dito na ang Ganda ng mga DP/Avatar. Itatanong ko lang po sana kung paano po mapapaltan? Mobile po ang gamit ko ngayon. Paturo narin po kung paano kapag GIF 'yung ilalagay. Salamat po. Hindi ko po kasi alam kung paano...
  37. K

    Closed Ask ko lang po di ako makapag...

    Di po ako makapag upload ng AVATAR na GIF type na mababa pa sa 250KB ang file size. Ang sabi At least lower sa 250, kaya mas maliit lang ginawa ko pero di po ma upload. Thanks PHCitizens pahelp po :*
  38. P

    Closed Profile picture

    Good pm sa inyo Pwede na bang magkaroon ng profile pic ang tulad kong grasshopper? Pasensya na baguhan pa lang ako dito Salamat sa sasagot....
  39. B

    Closed About sa display pic

    hi paturo po kung pano mag upload ng picture para may avatar hehe salamat
  40. V

    Closed Pano po mag upload ng photo sa profile pict dito

    mga master jan pano po mag upload ng profile picture sa account ko maraming salamat po
  41. S

    Hi po sa lahat ng luma at bago ^^ pls help!

    ask ko lang po paano maglagay ng picture sa avatar? tapos paanu po maging stablish? thanks po in advance sa mga sasagot. salamat po uli.
  42. H

    Closed Profile pic

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  43. C

    Closed Hello newbie here willing to be my beybi? joke lang :d

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  44. E

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  46. M

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  47. J

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  49. F

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  50. D

    Closed Panu po mag attach ng picture

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