pala

The Pāla Empire (r. 750-1161 CE) was an imperial power during the post-classical period in the Indian subcontinent, which originated in the region of Bengal. It is named after its ruling dynasty, whose rulers bore names ending with the suffix Pāla ("protector" in Prakrit). The empire was founded with the election of Gopāla as the emperor of Gauda in late eighth century AD. The Pala stronghold was located in Bengal and eastern Bihar, which included the major cities of Gauḍa, Vikramapura, Pāṭaliputra, Monghyr, Somapura, Ramavati (Varendra), Tāmralipta and Jaggadala.The Pālas were astute diplomats and military conquerors. Their army was noted for its vast war elephant corps. Their navy performed both mercantile and defensive roles in the Bay of Bengal. At its zenith under emperors Dharmapala and Devapala in the early ninth century, the Pala empire extended their dominance into the northern Indian region, with its territory stretching across the Gangetic plain to include some parts of western, southern and northeastern India, Nepal and Bangladesh. Dharmapala also exerted a strong cultural influence through Buddhist scholar Atis Dipankar in Tibet, as well as in Southeast Asia. Pala control of North India was ultimately ephemeral, as they struggled with the Gurjara-Pratiharas and the Rashtrakutas for the control of Kannauj and were defeated. After a short lived decline, Emperor Mahipala I defended imperial bastions in Bengal and Bihar against South Indian Chola invasions. Emperor Ramapala was the last strong Pala ruler, who gained control of Kamarupa and Kalinga. The empire was considerably weakened with many areas engulfed and their heavy dependence on Samantas being exposed through 11th century rebellion. It finally led to the rise of resurgent Hindu Senas as sovereign power in 12th century and final expulsion of the Palas from Bengal by their hands marking the end of last major Buddhist imperial power in the subcontinent.The Pala period is considered one of the golden eras of Bengali history. The Palas brought stability and prosperity to Bengal after centuries of civil war between warring divisions. They advanced the achievements of previous Bengali civilisations and created outstanding works of arts and architecture. The Charyapada in Proto-Bengali language was written by Buddhist Mahasiddhas of tantric tradition, which laid the basis of several eastern Indian languages in their rule. Palas built grand temples and monasteries, including the Somapura Mahavihara and Odantapuri, and patronised the great universities of Nalanda and Vikramashila. The empire enjoyed relations with the Srivijaya Empire, the Tibetan Empire and the Arab Abbasid Caliphate. Islam first arrived in Bengal during this period as a result of flourishing mercantile and intellectual contacts with Middle-East. The Pala legacy is still reflected in Tibetan Buddhism.

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  1. E

    Bumalik na pala etong feature ni FB,

    Bumalik na pala yung FEATURE LOCKED PROFILE ni FB, iniisip ko siguro parang nung araw nag loko² si fb parang may previous backup na may LOCK PROFILE FEATURE kaya etong si zakerburger kaya na ayos agad, Yung may gustong ilock yung profile jan ilock niyo na baka tangalin ulit yan ni zakerburger yan,
  2. S

    Lakas mo pala.

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  3. S

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  4. I

    Init Memes

    Kahit siya,nainitan na👇👇👇 Hidden content
  5. S

    May collab pala sila

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  6. A

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  7. S

    Kaya pala...

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  8. S

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  9. S

    Elite na pala ako

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  10. S

    Cancel pala

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  11. S

    Takot pala

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  12. B

    Ganun lang pala e

    ⍢⃝
  13. K

    May ending na pala one piece?

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  14. R

    Uso Pala Balikan Ngayon.

    Ctto. Sana Maibalik na bago ako mag birthday hahahahaa
  15. R

    Sila pala yun!

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  16. R

    WebNovel Isa pala akong richkid 151-300 chapter

    chapter 151-300 Hidden content
  17. C

    Pwede naman pala eh

  18. S

    Free MP3 Download Team, nagsara na pala.

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  19. C

    Mas másáráp pala

  20. M

    Hindi pala basta-basta ang Marawi Siege

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  21. P

    WebNovel Isa pala akong rich kid?!

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  22. M

    Kaya pala ayaw

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    Ganun pala yon.

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  24. R

    Kaya pala nawala FB

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  25. J

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  26. K

    Sign na bet ka pala ni guy/girl?

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  27. W

    WebNovel Isa pala akong Rich Kid? by Two Ears in Bodhi [Kabanata 1 - 20]

    Isa pala akong Rich Kid? by Two Ears in Bodhi [KABANATA 1 - 20] (updated) by Two Ears in Bodhi LEECHER / ROLE POSTER ESTABLISHED / ELITE Hidden content OLD POST (outdated) WebNovel - Isa pala akong Rich Kid? by Two Ears in Bodhi | Requested
  28. H

    Dapat pala

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  29. M

    Isa pala akong rich kid

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  30. P

    Heto lang pala yun..

    Pwede lang pala mag top up sa Smart App mismo tapos connect sa gcash, wala naman pala interest, ginagawa ko kase dati pupunta pa ako sa gcash at dun magloload may interest pa!! Super late ko na nalaman to.. sorry naman.. share ko nalang baka makatulong sa tulad ko na tängă.. hahahah waiting...
  31. D

    Kaya pala sa leeg sinusukat

  32. R

    May purpose pala un

    Team R .....
  33. Y

    Trailer lang pala

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