pala

The Pāla Empire (r. 750-1161 CE) was an imperial power during the post-classical period in the Indian subcontinent, which originated in the region of Bengal. It is named after its ruling dynasty, whose rulers bore names ending with the suffix Pāla ("protector" in Prakrit). The empire was founded with the election of Gopāla as the emperor of Gauda in late eighth century AD. The Pala stronghold was located in Bengal and eastern Bihar, which included the major cities of Gauḍa, Vikramapura, Pāṭaliputra, Monghyr, Somapura, Ramavati (Varendra), Tāmralipta and Jaggadala.The Pālas were astute diplomats and military conquerors. Their army was noted for its vast war elephant corps. Their navy performed both mercantile and defensive roles in the Bay of Bengal. At its zenith under emperors Dharmapala and Devapala in the early ninth century, the Pala empire extended their dominance into the northern Indian region, with its territory stretching across the Gangetic plain to include some parts of western, southern and northeastern India, Nepal and Bangladesh. Dharmapala also exerted a strong cultural influence through Buddhist scholar Atis Dipankar in Tibet, as well as in Southeast Asia. Pala control of North India was ultimately ephemeral, as they struggled with the Gurjara-Pratiharas and the Rashtrakutas for the control of Kannauj and were defeated. After a short lived decline, Emperor Mahipala I defended imperial bastions in Bengal and Bihar against South Indian Chola invasions. Emperor Ramapala was the last strong Pala ruler, who gained control of Kamarupa and Kalinga. The empire was considerably weakened with many areas engulfed and their heavy dependence on Samantas being exposed through 11th century rebellion. It finally led to the rise of resurgent Hindu Senas as sovereign power in 12th century and final expulsion of the Palas from Bengal by their hands marking the end of last major Buddhist imperial power in the subcontinent.The Pala period is considered one of the golden eras of Bengali history. The Palas brought stability and prosperity to Bengal after centuries of civil war between warring divisions. They advanced the achievements of previous Bengali civilisations and created outstanding works of arts and architecture. The Charyapada in Proto-Bengali language was written by Buddhist Mahasiddhas of tantric tradition, which laid the basis of several eastern Indian languages in their rule. Palas built grand temples and monasteries, including the Somapura Mahavihara and Odantapuri, and patronised the great universities of Nalanda and Vikramashila. The empire enjoyed relations with the Srivijaya Empire, the Tibetan Empire and the Arab Abbasid Caliphate. Islam first arrived in Bengal during this period as a result of flourishing mercantile and intellectual contacts with Middle-East. The Pala legacy is still reflected in Tibetan Buddhism.

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  1. H

    Dapat pala

    dapat pala kinukwenta yung daily or monthly earnings ano? hindi ko ginagawa. ngayon ko lang na realize na ang tumal pala noon hindi ako umaabot sa ganitong amount yung isang araw ko. kaya hindi ako kumikilos hindi ko nadadagdagan kung ano yung kulang para punan. kinwenta ko yung nabigay kong...
  2. M

    Isa pala akong rich kid

    Baka meron kau complete copy ng "isa pala akong rich kid" salamat hirap kc mag hanap sa GTM
  3. P

    Heto lang pala yun..

    Pwede lang pala mag top up sa Smart App mismo tapos connect sa gcash, wala naman pala interest, ginagawa ko kase dati pupunta pa ako sa gcash at dun magloload may interest pa!! Super late ko na nalaman to.. sorry naman.. share ko nalang baka makatulong sa tulad ko na tängă.. hahahah waiting...
  4. D

    Kaya pala sa leeg sinusukat

  5. R

    May purpose pala un

    Team R .....
  6. Y

    Trailer lang pala

  7. P

    Netflix Update...ganito na pala pati sa fone..akala ko sa tv lang huhuhaha

    Nakikisabit lang ako sa account na to..akala ko sa tv lang may household pati na pala sa fone...grabe ka na talaga saken netflakes 🤧
  8. Z

    Globe TM Alive pa pala to!

    delete ko daw hahaha
  9. F

    Referral Legit nga pala talaga yung shein 5000 gift credit

    Legit nga, Shein 5k gift credit na pweding pang bili ng shoes, bags, Jacket etc. Download Shein app: Link Or kung may Shein na kayo e search lang sa search bar ang code. Code: 8wbcau
  10. P

    Ganito Pala Yun

    di ako na inform 🥴
  11. S

    Magastos pala yung ganto

    share ko lang guys dati kasi after work nalabas labas kami ng ng mga kaibigan ko. ngayon kasi parang bigla nalang nag ghost halos 2 months na iniisip ko nalang na di sa lahat ng oras e kasama ang mga kaibigan tas kada labas ko sa work diko alam kung san ako pupunta haha kaya naisip ko kesa...
  12. Z

    Saan Pala Kayo Kumukuha??

    Ng mga intro sounds effects nyo sa vlogs.
  13. E

    Bat kaya ganito akala ko basehan ng css yung total screen size hayss hirap naman pala nito

    mag ka ibang browser sila so ito na bali maganda na sa pc yung layout nya kaya trinay ko gawing responsive sa cp ang layout...bat kaya ito mag kaibang browser sila pero same setting iba ang layout?...ano ba diskarte nito hirap kasi mag adjust ehh
  14. R

    Pre Ang Pait Pala

    Ctto. Pre talo talo na kayo pag lasing hahaha
  15. C

    Smart Smart UNLI 5G 599 Umay Na pala

    Kaka bili kolang ng Smart Sim. Tapos nag UNLI 5G ako mga lods May data capping din pala to nauubos pala awits Ngayon lang kasi ako ulit nag smart kaya walang idea. Ano masasabe nyo mga lods.? 3 days ko palang nagagamit hindi pala to litetal na UNLI Bumabagal na net 5G or 4G Kahit san sa...
  16. N

    Para sa mga vegan na galit sa kumakain ng karne

    wag na kayo mangumbinsi at manira kasi plant killer kayo 😂👍
  17. O

    Wrong Answer

    CTTO
  18. R

    Basket Ball Lang Pala

    Ctto.
  19. Z

    Paanu na pala

    Paanu na pala maglagay ng video sa post. Nilagay ko na yung pinakamaliit na size pero nada...Walang effect..
  20. R

    Kaya Pala Iba Yung Lasa Ng Kanin

    Ctto.
  21. C

    Lalaki pala si Dua Lipa

    https://www.facebook.com/reel/286282891113417?s=yWDuG2&fs=e&mibextid=RtaFA8
  22. Y

    Kala ko'y KOJIC

    Sino naglagay ng kutchinta dito sa may CR? Buti na lang hindi ako gutom.. CTTO
  23. E

    Masakit pala kapag mawalan ka ng 7y/o dog.

    Mas masakit pala kapag nawalan ka ng aso na alam mo nasa mid ng ordinary life span nila. I had a dog na 7y/o and recently lang sya namatay dahil sa kidney problem and nainfect pa ng virus. You spend years with them and you know na naman kaya nya pa magtagal sana kung di lang nagkasakit. Had...
  24. C

    Kaya pala malamig

  25. K

    Expert pala ha.

  26. C

    Apple

    me: apple juice
  27. M

    Birthday ko pala? greet naman dyan mga ka-PHC

    Birthday ko pala nung 8, nagdisable ako ng fb para yung mga babati lang sakin sa fb ay kilala ako personally😅😅 sad to say totoo nga, ang bumati lang sakin ay family at mga tropa ko ng hish school. wala bumati saking kawork kahit araw araw ko sila kasama at iisang bubong lang tinutulugan...
  28. P

    TINAPOS NA PALA EH

    Tagal na pala yan eh. Kayo talaga. Tapos na po ang laban. 😢
  29. D

    Referral Legit pala talaga

    mismong official twitter account na ng ton blockchain ang nag post hanep legit nga pala ang not coin Notcoin
  30. K

    Dito pala yung "kahit saan"

  31. P

    Mag tatatlong taon na pala

    sana mas maaga-aga ko pa natuklasan tong phc. sino kaya pinaka matagal na dito hahaha
  32. C

    Dalawang kalbo lng pala

    Kala ko big bòò†ÿ dalawang kalbo lng pala Hidden content
  33. C

    Koreano pala si king Kong

    angas ng scrub hair ni king kong ah bagsak na bagsak sana all 😂 Hidden content
  34. H

    DITO Hirap pala setup need pala e remote Gaya sa slowdns

    Gusto ko saya, malaman wag nalang mamulot nalang sa threads🤣🤣
  35. T

    Ganon pala ung pakiramdam na ginawa mong mundo ung isang babae tapos...

    ganon pala pakiramdam ung tipong sa knya na lang umiikot ung mundo mo tapos after a year biglang mawawala na lang iiwanan ka na lang mag isa inaaway ka walang dahilan tapos malalaman mo my iba na pla... grabe pala sakit ng ganon after mo maka moveon parang bigla kana lang nag sawa mag mahal ulit...
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