Criticism of TV Globo (formerly Rede Globo until 2021) refers to the extensive history of controversies involving the Brazilian television network, which has an unparalleled ability to influence Brazil's culture and shape the country's public opinion. The owners of Rede Globo had enriched themselves with government favors to become billionaires.The main historical controversy surrounding the television network, as well as the remainder of Grupo Globo (formerly known as Globo Organizations) media empire, is centered on the news broadcasts' support for the Brazilian military government and its censorship of pro-democracy developments. According to critics of the broadcaster, the military regime provided government concessions to Rede Globo, which had very poor coverage of the 1984 Diretas Já protests. In 2013, pressured by protests in Brazil, Rede Globo admitted in the Jornal Nacional that its support given to the 1964 Brazilian coup d'état and the subsequent regime was "a mistake".
In the late 1980s, Grupo Globo was targeted by critics due to edits made to the pre-recorded television debates between the presidential candidates in the 1989 election. The edits to the final debate favored candidate Fernando Collor de Mello, who won the election. Towards the end of the 1990s, Grupo Globo faced severe financial problems and was bailed out by the government, despite being a strictly private company. During this period, the conglomerate utilized its influence in the political arena and changed an article in the Constitution of Brazil to allow 30% of foreign capital investment in the country's media sector.In 2002, the federal government offered R$280 million in assistance to the Globocabo cable TV company, part of Grupo Globo, by financing through the Brazilian Development Bank.Rede Globo was again criticized for its biased coverage of the 2006 and 2010 elections.
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