Fake news is false or misleading information presented as news. Fake news often has the aim of damaging the reputation of a person or entity, or making money through advertising revenue. Although false news has always been spread throughout history, the term "fake news" was first used in the 1890s when sensational reports in newspapers were common. Nevertheless, the term does not have a fixed definition and has been applied broadly to any type of false information. It's also been used by high-profile people to apply to any news unfavourable to them. Further, disinformation involves spreading false information with harmful intent and is sometimes generated and propagated by hostile foreign actors, particularly during elections. In some definitions, fake news includes satirical articles misinterpreted as genuine, and articles that employ sensationalist or clickbait headlines that are not supported in the text. Because of this diversity of types of false news, researchers are beginning to favour information disorder as a more neutral and informative term.
The prevalence of fake news has increased with the recent rise of social media, especially the Facebook News Feed, and this misinformation is gradually seeping into the mainstream media. Several factors have been implicated in the spread of fake news, such as political polarization, post-truth politics, motivated reasoning, confirmation bias, and social media algorithms.Fake news can reduce the impact of real news by competing with it. For example, a BuzzFeed News analysis found that the top fake news stories about the 2016 U.S. presidential election received more engagement on Facebook than top stories from major media outlets. It also particularly has the potential to undermine trust in serious media coverage. The term has at times been used to cast doubt upon credible news, and former U.S. president Donald Trump has been credited with popularizing the term by using it to describe any negative press coverage of himself. It has been increasingly criticized, due in part to Trump's misuse, with the British government deciding to avoid the term, as it is "poorly-defined" and "conflates a variety of false information, from genuine error through to foreign interference".
Multiple strategies for fighting fake news are currently being actively researched, for various types of fake news. Politicians in certain autocratic and democratic countries have demanded effective self-regulation and legally-enforced regulation in varying forms, of social media and web search engines.
On an individual scale, the ability to actively confront false narratives, as well as taking care when sharing information can reduce the prevalence of falsified information. However, it has been noted that this is vulnerable to the effects of confirmation bias, motivated reasoning and other cognitive biases that can seriously distort reasoning, particularly in dysfunctional and polarised societies. Inoculation theory has been proposed as a method to render individuals resistant to undesirable narratives. Because new misinformation pops up all the time, it is much better timewise to inoculate the population against accepting fake news in general (a process termed "prebunking"), instead of continually debunking the same repeated lies.

You do not have permission to view the full content of this post. Log in or register now.
  1. I

    Tutorial Find out if the Government is spying on your phone messages and calls + Fake Tower Cell

    Either Government or just some local expert hecker spying on your phone calls and messages. Hidden content
  2. J

    At the last strand

    letting my heart out so just skip if you're not interested. was it worth it after all? was there even a time that it was not just a lie? why does it feels like the past 6 years is just a lie? sometimes I ask God, why do i have to be the one to suffer like this when all i did was to love...
  3. J

    Ps4 fake pkg

    mga master paano mag download ng games para sa ps4 na jailbreak? sana pwede ba sya kahit android lang ang gamit?
  4. X

    Help Iso fake location for iphone

    anyone who have an fake location apps for iphone ios 17.0 full version & that dont need a computer.. i needed for privacy kc.. let me know thanks
  5. P

    Android App Fake Chat Conversation Pro

    How To Download Ppd Link? (Video Tutorial) https://drive.google.com/file/d/1UCRwc6gc1RnmvfsXJY3lKQdiiNxYB-Cx/view?usp=sharing Pwede pang prank xD Download Link ⬇️ Download Fake Chat Pro apk (credit to the owner/moder/s) Hidden content
  6. P

    Fake Data

    Temp / Fake data to use. Could be useful for Dev purposes, Online Obfuscation, and Activity / Profile / Identity Segregation.:BlobDJ::BertinhoPls::BoneZone: Hidden content
  7. G

    Help How to fake Google Chrome Location??

    Pahelp mga boss pano e fake ang location ko sa google chrome?
  8. P

    Help Detect fake SD card

    Pano ba Malaman Kung fake Yung nabiling SD card?
  9. M

    Fake it until you make it

    Hidden content
  10. J

    Help Iphone fake vs orig

    Hello po nadedetect po ba sa 3utools if fake ang iphone or hindi, thank you po in advance
  11. G

    Help Legit or Fake?? Rapid Assistant.

    Hi po sa lahat, ask lang po kung legit po ba ito or fake? sa OLJ (OnlineJobs.ph) ko po ito nkita.. need ko po talaga ng work kaya nag apply ako dito as a VA no experience po.. pero may nag sabi daw na fake daw ito kasi nasa mismong website daw nila ang kanilang form hindi sa google.docs.. btw...
  12. I

    Tutorial How to become well known in häçkers forum by giving fake combos

    I don't recommend this If you can't handle psychological problems. Hidden content
  13. T

    Reality Shows

    di kasi sila tumatagos sa pader tulad ng multo :oops:
  14. B

    Help Matio valentino watch legit or fake?

    Pa help po kung sino ang may alam ng brand ng relo na ito ibinigay kasi ng pinsan ko sakin gusto ko lang Sana alam in kung orig ba sya or peke salamat ng marami sa Maka sasagot
  15. C

    May fake latop Charger ba?

    Tatanong lang kung meron bang fake o copy ng acer laptop charger, Chineck ko kasi sa mga online shop at ganito ba talaga price range nila? okay kaya to gamitin?
  16. M

    Fake Sim Reg

    Guys ano pala need para makapag fake sim reg ? edited ID lang ba ?
  17. M

    Fake Sim Reg

    Paano pala mag fake sim reg guys ?
  18. E

    Help MXQ PRO 4K (fake) accidentally clicked wipe cache partition instead of wipe date/factory reset

    Mga boss ano kaya gagawin ko, hays. Na mis click ako, mag fafactory reset lang sana pero napindot ko ung wipe cache partition then ito na ang lumalabas after nag reboot. "E: Failed to mount cache/recovery/last_locale" "E: Failed to mount cache" nag boboot loop na ganyan pag nag reset ako sa AV...
  19. S


    BLUETOOTH FAKE SPAMMING METHOD With Video tutorial link Hidden content #ImBack😆
  20. K

    Fake Sandisk SSD Plus

    Mga paps tatanong ko lang po kung may posible na fake na Sandisk SSD Plus Product po ba? Yung nabili ko po sa Lazada is parang fake po at kapag medjo tumataas na storage niya nag fre freeze na yung windows tapos nag b bluescreen of death na po. Pero yung Health niya po is 100% po. Ano po kaya...
  21. D

    Fake jeepney

  22. M


    Pa help naman mga boss, ang bagal ng net maliban sa speedtest ni ookla na ang taas ng mbps paano kaya to? na try kona mag vpn (ndi yung bypass) change imei change band change antenna at change ng modem (r291 at 936 ang modem ko) at Unlidata 449 ang load ko. ano kaya magandang solution dito...
  23. Z

    Referral TEMU FAKE?

    Nagmumukha tayong ewan ah. Scam ba to? 0.5 na nga lang lahat nandito nag eerror daw?
  24. T

    Help May gumagawa ba dito ng fake documents?

    message me po thanks
  25. M

    Help Why is the Share It App Giving Fake News Notifications on My Phone?

    I've been using the Share It app for quite some time now, and recently, I've noticed something strange. I keep getting notifications that appear to be related to fake news stories. I'm not sure if it's the app itself or something else causing this issue. Has anyone else experienced the same...
  26. S

    Help PISO Net Business

    Mga master mga magkano kaya kelangan ko para magkaroon ng pisonet shop? tapos ano maganda mag build ng pisonet or mag order ng buo na
  27. J

    Help Fake but quality shoes

    saan po nakakabilinng mura pero quality na hype shoes gaya ng Jordans, TS at Dunks? thank you po
  28. C

    My fake friend (lyrics)

    (Verse 1) I woke up this morning with a sour taste, Thinking 'bout my fake friend, my ultimate disgrace, You used to be my comrade, my buddy through and through, But all that's changed now, and I really hate you! (Chorus) Oh, my fake friend, you're the worst, it's true, I can't believe I ever...
  29. 1

    Poems Fake Friends ver. 3

    If you are not my friend behind my back Don't pretend to be my friend to my face If you're going to stab me in back Be smart enough to cover the knife Are you still looking for your knife? You should try my back, that's where I've last seen it I pity you because you must be tired of putting...
  30. 1

    Poems Fake Friends ver. 2

    Everyone isn't your friend Just because they hang around you and laugh with you Just because they say they got your back, doesn't mean they won't stab you in it They pretend well Jealousy sometimes doesn't live far At the end of the day Real situations expose fake people
  31. 1

    Poems Fake Friends

    Fake smiles covered with hate inside Different faces that many things to hide Struggling to fool you to the friendship ride Unfortunately they guide you to the blind side Stab you at the back and then they hide Their promises are size of mountain wide When you need them they claim there is...
  32. J

    Help Fake badge fb

    Hello pano po yung fake badge guys sa fb? Andami konang nakikita HAHAHHAAH itim po icon nya. May nag sent sakin ng code kaso di nag work
  33. S

    Help FAKE NSO sa LTO

    ask lang po, kasi wala po akong NSO and planning to have a photocopy ng NSO ng kapatid ko pero ipapangalan sakin. Ask lang if may nakatry naba nito or any idea what outcome if magbibigay ako ng NSO na edited just for student permit? Please respect my post nakaka stress na eh haha
  34. S

    How could it happen? Fake IDs with animal faces pass SIM registration

    A screenshot of the sample identification card that the National Bureau of Investigation used to test the registration of SIM cards in different telecommunications companies. MANILA, Philippines — Could a “monkey” register a subscriber identity module (SIM) card? The answer is yes — at least...
  35. 4

    Fake news pala

    Kayo naman gitara naman pala yun.
  36. R

    Help Someone Create FAKE Facebook Account

    Pa help naman po paano po ma delete yung gumawa ng fake account po? Except po sa report report yung mas mabilis na paraan po? Baka po kasi gamitin sa hindi maganda po. Thank you po
  37. B


  38. P

    G·TM Fake magic Ip dumami

    Napansin ko dumami sila naka private nga lang, may chance kaya bumalik, malabo na ata
  39. P

    Noon pa man uso na budol

    sino relate dito mga lods? 😂