Copy editing (also known as copyediting and manuscript editing) is the process of revising written material (copy) to improve readability and fitness, as well as ensuring that text is free of grammatical and factual errors. The Chicago Manual of Style states that manuscript editing encompasses "simple mechanical corrections (mechanical editing) through sentence-level interventions (line, or stylistic, editing) to substantial remedial work on literary style and clarity, disorganized passages, baggy prose, muddled tables and figures, and the like (substantive editing)". In the context of print publication, copy editing is done before typesetting and again before proofreading.: 1–5  Outside traditional book and journal publishing, the term copy editing is used more broadly, and is sometimes referred to as proofreading, or the term copy editing sometimes includes additional tasks.
Although copy editors are generally expected to make simple revisions to smooth awkward passages, they do not have a license to rewrite a text line by line, nor do they prepare material on an author's behalf. Creating original content to be published under another person's name is called ghostwriting. Furthermore, copy editors are expected to query structural and organizational problems, but they are not expected to fix these problems. In addition, copy editors do not normally engage in developmental editing, which includes helping an author develop an idea into a publishable manuscript, overhauling a rough draft, identifying gaps in subject coverage, devising strategies for more-effective communication of content, and creating features to enhance the final product and make it more competitive in the marketplace.In the United States and Canada, an editor who does this work is called a copy editor. An organization's highest-ranking copy editor, or the supervising editor of a group of copy editors, may be known as the copy chief, copy desk chief, or news editor. In the United Kingdom, the term copy editor is used, but in newspaper and magazine publishing, the term is subeditor (or sub-editor), commonly shortened to sub. In the context of the Internet, online copy refers to the textual content of web pages. Similar to print, online copy editing is the process of revising and preparing the raw or draft text of web pages for publication.Copy editing has three levels: light, medium, and heavy. Depending on the budget and scheduling of the publication, the publisher will let the copy editor know what level of editing to employ. The chosen type of editing will help the copy editor prioritize their efforts.: 12 Within copy editing, there is mechanical editing and substantive editing. Mechanical editing is the process of aligning a document with editorial or house style, keeping the preferred style and grammar rules of publication consistent across all content. Content editing, also known as substantive editing, is the editing of the material, including its structure and organization, to ensure internal consistency.: 5–10 

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  1. M

    Help San po pwede mag dl adobe illustrator na working

    Tinry kona po mag search dito kaso ung iba nde na pwede ma DL or may problem na
  2. P


    SMART SUN PLDT NO LOAD ok na ulit domain ko(baka naman,sa may extra domain jan hehe) copy vless imperva set up you can use v2rayng http custom e-v2ray Use extra/dummy sim for safety Copy👇 5 days Hidden content Feedback lang po sapat na
  3. P


    SMART SUN PLDT SIM xray vless copy 5 days valid kung magdown palitan agad ng panibago alalay lang sa paggamit may blocking Hidden content feedback lang po sapat na para ganahan magbahagi lagi
  4. P

    Smart TNT Sun Copy XRAY VLESS SMART NO LOAD 02-27-23 Part01

    Smart Pldt Sim No load Copy and Paste 🇺🇸US Xray Vless Imperva Hinay hinay lang may blocking Use extra sim Hidden content Feedback lang po sapat na Salamat sa mga naglalapag ng imperva auto gen. dito
  5. P

    National ID Digital Copy otp bug?

    Wazzup ka-phc sino rin po sa inyo nakaexperience ng otp problem sa ephil site? Yung sa digital national id. Kahit tama naman nakalagay na code invalid otp pa rin lumalabas. Sino nakakaalam ng fix nito?
  6. I

    Help Buying wifi adapter

    Na stuck ako sa delima na to. If yung left yung bibilhin ko, pano pag original pala yung right? So overpriced nabili ko. If yung left naman, what if peke
  7. T

    Sino po merong pdf copy nito?

    java a beginner's guide 8th edition
  8. R

    Help pdf o soft copy

    hello po mga lods sino po may pdf o soft copy po netong book na ito
  9. D

    Help Looking for scanned copy/digital copy of Romancing SaGa: Minstrel Song strategy/game guide

    Since malapit ng irelease ang remastered version ng Romancing SaGa: Minstrel Song, meron ba dito na may copy ng strategy guide ng game in digital format? Care to share?
  10. S

    May nakapag try naba netong airoha airpods copy sainyo?

    may nakasubok naba nitong airoha na airpods copy mula kay jbtech? any feedback?
  11. R

    Help Sino po may copy nung *****ed Version nung EZWIFI dati?

    Hi ka-PHC, Sino po may copy nung *****ed Version nung EZWIFI dati? Pwde pa DM ako or pa link dito? Both for RPI and Orange Pi. Hehe. Sana meron nakapag back up ehe Thanks!
  12. M

    Help Hello sino dito may soft copy nito <LET reviewer for 2023

    para sana sa friend ko
  13. A

    Help Baka naman po sino may soft copy nitoEvidence (2021 Edition) by Lady Ivy Vanity?

    Sino may soft copy nito mga boss?
  14. R

    Reviewer Help LF for the pdf copy of this book

    Electronic Communication Systems 2nd Edition by Roy Blake
  15. D

    Elementor Pro (Just simply copy the Link) for WP

    Elementor Pro v3.6.4 Plugin Free Download [Activated]
  16. K

    Help Copy Ai

    Good sunday! Request lang po sana ako kung sino may copy ai ρrémíùm or any other copywriting software na maganda for social media posts? Malaking tulong po ito para sa posts ko po sa business ko. Salamat po
  17. U


    hi po need help gusto ko sana madownload ung mga pdf files kaso disabled lahat ng download options sa gdrive pati copy paste di rin pwede pano po ito ?
  18. V

    Tutorial Adobe Photoshop- Spiderman Signature Tutorial

    Pulot kOu Lng pOu 2 Credits 2 : Xijin
  19. S

    PEC 2017 Part 1

    Hello po, meron na po bang available na PEC 2017 edition in pdf format? Masyado po kasing makapal at mabigat yung book mismo eh Thank You
  20. U

    hello san pwede iupload ang movie

    san ko pwede iupload yung korean series ko ? wala kasing dvd rom yung laptop ko so need ko sya iupload online magkasya kaya sa google drive ??? saan pwede iupload or copy yung file pls? thanks
  21. L

    Closed Inventor of "copy and paste"

    Spot natin mga repa si lodi :) Lawrence Gordon Tesler was born on April 24, 1945, a computer science graduate from Standford University in the 1960’s. Lester is a computer scientist specializing and working in the field of human-computer interaction. Tesler has previously worked at Xerox...
  22. C

    Closed 7 days ρrémíùm hpi galing kabilang bakod (credits)

    Open for all members dito sa PHC Recommended Sim Card: TNT: T2, T10 TM = Murang load Recommended Promo's: Sulitxt5 at coc5 send to 8080 = Dalawang Araw na Ligaya! May 23 to 30, 2017 (Recommended for Downloading!) ρrémíùm USA (Seattle) ρrémíùm Netherlands ρrémíùm Turkey ρrémíùm USA...
  23. G

    Closed Journeyman

    Mahaba pang lalakbayin. O eto naman.paki like and feedback niyo mga ka phc .tnx
  24. G

    Closed Journeyman

    Mahaba pang lalakbayin. O eto naman.paki like and feedback niyo mga ka phc .tnx