The claustrum (Latin, meaning "to close" or "to shut") is a thin, bilateral collection of neurons and supporting glial cells, that connects to cortical (e.g., the pre-frontal cortex) and subcortical regions (e.g., the thalamus) of the brain. It is located between the insula laterally and the putamen medially, separated by the extreme and external capsules respectively. The blood supply to the claustrum is fulfilled via the middle cerebral artery. It is considered to be the most densely connected structure in the brain, allowing for integration of various cortical inputs (e.g., colour, sound and touch) into one experience rather than singular events. The claustrum is difficult to study given the limited number of individuals with claustral lesions and the poor resolution of neuroimaging.The claustrum is made up of various cell types differing in size, shape and neurochemical composition. Five cell types exist, and a majority of these cells resemble pyramidal neurons found in the cortex. Within the claustrum, there is no organization of cell types compared to the cortex, and the somas of the cells can be a pyramidal, fusiform or circular shape. The principal cell type found in the claustrum is type 1 cells, which are large cells covered in spiny dendrites.
The claustrum usually connects to the cortex in an ipsilateral manner; however, the few that travel contralaterally are considerably weaker than the former. The claustrum acts as a conductor for inputs from the cortical regions so these respective areas do not become unsynchronized. Without the claustrum, one could respond to stimuli that are familiar to the individual but not to complex events. Additionally, the claustrum is essential in combining sensory and motor modalities so that various anatomical patterns are present. One of the proposed functions of the claustrum is to differentiate between relevant and irrelevant information so that the latter can be ignored. Cortical components of consciousness include the fronto-parietal cortex, cingulate and precuneus. Due to the claustrum's widespread connectivity to these areas, it is suggested that it may play a role in both attention and consciousness. The neural networks that mediate sustained attention and consciousness implicate numerous cortical areas, many of which overlap in connectivity with the claustrum. Previous clinical reports suggest that conscious processes are lateralized to the left hemisphere in humans.

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  1. K

    Stay Close kung ayaw ma Chugi

  2. P

    Chrome nag au-auto close tabs

    Dko alam kung saken lang ganto , bigla nalang nag clolclose lahat ng tabs dito chrome ko , bat kaya?
  3. U


    Sino po dito ganito phone? Ako Lang po BA nafo-force close pag naglalaru ML or Rox? Di Siya umiinit, basta pag may Ilang minutes na..close na Siya. Naka android ver.14 na Siya. Same issue parin. Pero Ng default version Siya noon Di Naman ganito. Nang nag 13 at 14 Lang ako. Any idea mga boss?
  4. D

    Who here is not based in the Philippines? I might close the registration and login for non-Pinoy users.

    Who here is not based in the Philippines? ❓I might close the registration and login for non-Pinoy users. Country detection is based only on the IP you use. Additional countries I might allow are: PHCitizens Proxy Singapore Japan Hongkong OFW PHCitizens Taiwan UAE Saudi Arabia Israel Germany...
  5. P

    Tips this Coming Valentines Day

    Bago ka bumili ng regalo ngayong valentines day,tanungin mo muna kung may iba syang jowa para at least may kaambagan ka 🥴
  6. G

    Trivia Arena Breakout Global Close Beta

    Sali na kayo Hidden content Para sa mga may account na
  7. J

    Globe TM 302 found / Temporary close issues

    So ito nga no guys, kagabi naka connect pa ako naka 302found pa pero kaninang umaga ganito na nagyare, minsan kahit ganyan nakaka pag connect ako pero pahirapan, walang 302 found at Temporary close na nakalagay pati magic ip dinagana "paano naman ako nahulog na sa iyo" di joke lang Hhahaha peri...
  8. W

    Help How to fix auto close when game at 100% loading

    how to fix auto close when game at 100% loading kasi nag aauto close yung ml ko pag nag 100% na siya.... nasunod ko naman yung sa delete unity data at new unitydata pero ganun parn.
  9. T

    Help Any close alternative sa GOMO? nagmahal na kasi yung promo, looking for other options

    Good day guys! Alam naman nating lahat na nagmahal na ang data offers ni GOMO. May idea ba kayo regarding sa pwedeng alternative na medyo nagkakalapit lang sa presyo pero no expiry na data na ang included? thank you!
  10. V

    Close Enough nga naman

  11. T

    Help Converge modem F670L (static IP)

    Good morning. Patulong naman mga kaPHC may nakaka alam ba dito kung pano iconfig ang new modem ng converge na ZTE F670L? ayaw kc ipagamit ni converge ang modem/router nila pag naka static IP ang subscription mo, so need pa ng another router para dun iconfigure yung static ip na binigay nila...
  12. A

    Pano po mag close thread ?

    Help po
  13. B

    Closed Injector auto close

    mga master bakit po kaya nagcclose ng injector ko kapag naglalaro ako ng gunbound??
  14. O

    Closed Proxy premature close conection http injector

    Hello I come to this great forum to raise my problem. I suspect that I use a samsung j2 prime phone with http injector the config that I use works since I tested it in another cell and connects, but in this samsung has problems in the connection it pulls me proxy premature connection close. and...
  15. L

    Closed Patulong po sa ehi

    Patulong po mga bossing. Kahit ano pong ehi file gamitin ko laging "Premature Connection Close" ang nalabas sa log. Ngayon ko lang po ito na-encounter. *Globe LTE sim MGC Apn *Load Promo ko po UNLI COC for 30 days *May regular load din po na 6pesos (naka-Surf Alert po) Salamat po in advance..
  16. C


    Paano mag cox said smart 15 LNG ???