Trade involves the transfer of goods and services from one person or entity to another, often in exchange for money. Economists refer to a system or network that allows trade as a market.
An early form of trade, barter, saw the direct exchange of goods and services for other goods and services, i.e. trading things without the use of money. Modern traders generally negotiate through a medium of exchange, such as money. As a result, buying can be separated from selling, or earning. The invention of money (and letter of credit, paper money, and non-physical money) greatly simplified and promoted trade. Trade between two traders is called bilateral trade, while trade involving more than two traders is called multilateral trade.
In one modern view, trade exists due to specialization and the division of labor, a predominant form of economic activity in which individuals and groups concentrate on a small aspect of production, but use their output in trades for other products and needs. Trade exists between regions because different regions may have a comparative advantage (perceived or real) in the production of some trade-able commodity—including production of natural resources scarce or limited elsewhere. For example: different regions' sizes may encourage mass production. In such circumstances, trade at market prices between locations can benefit both locations. Different types of traders may specialize in trading different kinds of goods; for example, the spice trade and grain trade have both historically been important in the development of a global, international economy.
Retail trade consists of the sale of goods or merchandise from a very fixed location (such as a department store, boutique or kiosk), online or by mail, in small or individual lots for direct consumption or use by the purchaser. Wholesale trade is traffic in goods that are sold as merchandise to retailers, or to industrial, commercial, institutional, or other professional business users, or to other wholesalers and related subordinated services.
Historically, openness to free trade substantially increased in some areas from 1815 to the outbreak of World War I in 1914. Trade openness increased again during the 1920s but collapsed (in particular in Europe and North America) during the Great Depression of the 1930s. Trade openness increased substantially again from the 1950s onwards (albeit with a slowdown during the oil crisis of the 1970s). Economists and economic historians contend that current levels of trade openness are the highest they have ever been.

You do not have permission to view the full content of this post. Log in or register now.
  1. M


    Buying ako Cliqq Wallet any amount 20% Available lagi
  2. Q

    Looking For Buying marlbøø crafted code

    Good morning ka phc Baka sakaling my naninigarilyo dito ng marlbøø crafted bilhin ko na ung code 10pesos per code maraming salamat
  3. P

    PLDT buying out SKY Cable from Lopez family for P6.75B; ABS-CBN to receive P4B

    Nakatakdang bilhin ng PLDT ang Sky Cable Corporation sa halagang P6.75 billion. Ayon sa disclosure sa Philippine Stock Exchange (PSE) kahapon, March 16, 2023, inanunsiyo ng PLDT na pinasok nila ang "sale and purchase agreement" sa kumpanya ng Lopez family upang bilhin ang 100 percent ng 1.38...
  4. C

    Looking For Buying USDT

    Pabili Ng 10.8 USD need asap
  5. S

    Looking For Buying Pi Coins

    No worries po legit po buyer ko 😉 DM lang ka phc sa price update.
  6. S

    Looking For Buying 550 smart load to 460Gcash

    Dm po sa mga nag bebenta. Salamat po
  7. R

    Looking For Buying ako YøùTùbé Channel Monitized

    Drop your YT Channel monitized with proof. Gcash Payment.
  8. H

    Looking For Buying Smart Load

    Buying smart load Low DC. Saan kaya pwedeng bumili Discounted and kung may refer kayo comment lang..
  9. L

    Dota 2 buying acc

    hanap ako guys ng acc na merong arcana ni dr salamat yung budget meal lang sana salamat
  10. D

    Crypto Buying PI Network (Crypto)

    Baka po may nagbebenta sa inyo ng PI, via gcash po ang payment, pm lang.
  11. S

    Looking For Buying bnb

    Bumubili po ako ng bnb
  12. T

    Looking For Buying discounted load 20-25%

    buying 500 globe/smart load with discount
  13. M

    Buying lock/limited paypal account (already 180 days only) Minimum=2000pesos fund only

    Buying po ako ng mga paypal na limited or restricted na yung account at di na po ma verify yung paypal mismo because of (iba yung name or etc.). only paypal na lagpas na po yung 180 days. Thank you
  14. T

    Looking For Buying discounted valo points

    buying discounted valo points 1260 vp lang need
  15. M

    Crypto March 7, 2023 Buying 17 pesos per pi coin yung nasa available balance na GCASH TRANSACTION(note: price may change maybe it will up and down)

    Buying 16 pesos per pi coin yung nasa available balance na GCASH TRANSACTION(note: price may change maybe it will up and down)
  16. F


    Buying po ako ng pi baka meron kau legit po 😊 with proof.Gcash payment slow transaction.
  17. A

    Looking For Buying 1k Load Smart/TM 20% off

    Guys baka may nag bebenta dyan ng load ung may discount, 800PHP for 1k load smart and globe, tnt, tm etc. Pm me,
  18. P

    Buying ML account

    Hello looking ako ml account baka meron kayo, high winrate 65% to 80% sana, then high rank or kahit grandmaster or elite lang current rank and highest. Okay din sana if lowrank now then hp sa dating rank, pwede din grandmaster currently and highest rank basta highwr and always max emblem
  19. M


    mga ka phc for sure dinaman na tayo iba kase nga tayo tayo lang din ang mga andito. baka may spare or mga di nigagamit na sims na may unli bilhin ko na isang piraso lang kesa mawala nalang yan ng di nigagamit. bilhin ko nalang po isang piraso lang sa legit traders lang sana NO TO SCAM !! TY
  20. B

    For Trade Legit buying pi Network coin with GC ...

    hello po buying po ako pi coin 20php each isali ko sa gc ung may namigrate na sa available balance nila...
  21. T

    Looking For Buying 350 tnt load, to my gcash

    Pabili po w/ discount sana
  22. I

    Buying esp häçk

    Baka may nag bebenta ng esp häçk dyan
  23. L

    Looking For Buying smart load 700

    Buying smart load 700 yung discounted syempre hehehe
  24. V

    Looking For Buying BTT coins from Bytrade! Legit buyer. Sign up pwedi pa humabol

    Hidden content
  25. M

    Help Buying second hand iphone 13 pro max

    mga idol balak ko po bumili ng iphone 13 pro max sa greenhills, pano ko po malalaman kung hindi pa nabubuksan at walang pinalitan na pyesa sa loob ng unit. salamat po
  26. T

    Looking For Buying Pi Coins

    Bumibili po ng pi coins B> for 12 php per pi Payment via gcash Slow transaction para iwas scam. pwede video call and mag send ng id for verification.
  27. F

    Help Buying a new phone

    Mga idol, ano ba pwedeng mura na phone na malakas na specs for games and heavy apps. Nabasag kasi screen ko at mejo low budget tayo ngayon 6-8k budget mga idol. Yung malaki storage space, malakas ang ram, good graphics at goods sa heavy gaming sana
  28. J

    Looking For Buying unverified gcash/load

    buying po ako tnt load at dito load
  29. S

    Help Things to consider when buying second hand GPU?

    Mga master, ano kaya dapat i-consider when buying second hand GPU lalo na yung galing mining?
  30. E

    Help. Buying games on eshop

    My nkapag try nabang bumili ng games sa eshop na gamit ay ung debit card. Meron kasing mga murang games sa ibang region kxo credit card ang hanap. My nababasa akong ilan na pde daw debit card pero nanghihingi kasi ng postal/zip code. Panu ba un?
  31. M

    Buying Mobile Legends Account 1k Budget

    Need at least 160-200 Skins Need sureball trader Meetup in Angeles City if possible If online full transfer muna bago payment Any sort of verification I can do para lang ma secure ang deal and to avoid doubt. Note: Just helping a friend get an account tamad na sya mag pa level up just to max...
  32. A


    200 budget gcash yung gmail bind lang, at pwede na i link sa mismo gmail ko, message me lang po sa details ng account at yung rush lng
  33. E

    Looking For Buying ml account max budget 500phl

    Preferably with max emblem kahit d na max yung physical and magical. Lampake sa skins . Palapag nalang ng ss thank you
  34. I

    Looking For Buying 500 worth of tnt load 20%dc po sana

    Pabili po worth 500 na tnt load , 20% dc po sana ty
  35. D

    For Trade Buying paypal funds to gcash

    Buying paypal funds Baka mayron kayong di ma ilabas na paypal funds, bilhin ko through gcash 200pesos above only
  36. J

    Looking For Buying Pasal... 25dc

    Buying po pasal Or regular... 25 dc sana kasi binebenta ko rin sa kakilala ko... Yung may gusto lang po magbenta wala pilitan... 😁🇵🇭
  37. N

    Smart TNT Sun Buying Smart and Globe Discounted Load 15%-20%

    Buying Smart and Globe Discounted Load 15%-20% buying any amount, the more the better MOP Gcash
  38. K

    Help Buying ML Acc for Tourna

    1st of all sorry if maling section ako nagpost, D ko mahanap thread ng Buy, Sell&Trade. Buying sana mga dol 800 nlng budget, aga nascam kanina eh idk bsta nabayaran ko na then binigay nga acc kaso ibypass ko dw kaso d na nagana, d nrin nya naaaccess gmail nya don sa moonton, umay na umay ako...
  39. P

    Looking For Buying facebook page, gaming content and NBA content

    hi guys baka may organic page kayo dyan with amount of followers ML or any other games basta pede stream at NBA content
  40. E

    Looking For Buying 100 paypal to gcash

    Good day! Pabili po pay ko sa gcash thanks
  41. I

    Looking For Buying Smart Discounted Load 1100 15% - 20%

    Buying 1100 smart discounted load 15% - 20% Yung trusted at di galing fraud Gcash,
  42. N

    Discounted Load

    San po maghahanap ng supplier ng discounted load o san po makakapagkuha ng murang load?
  43. R

    Buying ml account 1k budget

    With Hayabusa epic lang Po ok na
  44. C


    buying 3k fb page likes for 300 gcash
  45. M


    buying black mamba or white mamba if meron man yung openline na at may bandlocking salahat ng bands tas may vpn na installed sana like yung kay ilove tacome drop tour price wag namna sana over price. sa legit lang 😘
  46. C


    buying 6k fb page likes for 500 gcash pm nalang po half price downpayment then once natapos yung kulang my old transaction galing din sa phc kaso di na active now e
  47. A

    Looking For BUYING 1K LOAD SMART

    Pa buy 1k load smart
  48. I

    Help Buying wifi adapter

    Na stuck ako sa delima na to. If yung left yung bibilhin ko, pano pag original pala yung right? So overpriced nabili ko. If yung left naman, what if peke
  49. J

    Looking For Buying 400 Smart/TNT load

    Pabili mga sir/maam
  50. H

    For Trade Buying Paypal Funds

    Paypal Trader Here Paypal = Gcash Gcash = Paypal ₱1 - ₱5,000 (-2.5%) ₱5,000 + (-2% )